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Effect of Non-farm Income on Household Food Security in Eastern Tigrai, Ethiopia: An Entitlement Approach


The study attempts to investigate the link between food security and nonfarm employment using the survey data collected from 151 randomly selected households from six villages of Woreda Gantafeshum, Eastern Tigrai, Ethiopia. Considering the objective of the study, given a household participated in nonfarm employments and its effect on food security, the Heckman selection model (two stage) is used. We examine first the household decision with respect to participation in nonfarm employment using pobit model. We found that land size, age, family size, special skill, electricity, credit, distance to the nearest market and access to irrigation are the most influencing variables in determining farmers to participate in nonfarm activities. Further we examine the effect of nonfarm employment on households' food security. Our study indicates that nonfarm employment provides additional income that enables farmers to spend more on their basic needs include: food, education, closing and health care. The result of the study implied that nonfarm employment has a role which is significant in maintaining household food security

Corporate Author: 
Getnet Alemun & Ethiopian Economic Association/Ethiopian Economic Policy Research Institute
Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
Primary Descriptors: 

food security

Secondary Descriptor: 

probit model: Heckman selection

Geographic Descriptors: 
Ethiopia, Eastern Tigrai
Cataloge Date: 
Broad Subject heading: 
nonfarm employments
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2010
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Publication date: 
2013-05-27 23:10:00
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-02-27 15:09:21
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Current frequency: