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Trade Liberalization and Sectoral Export Performance in Sub-Saharan Africa: a Panel Data Analysisca: A Panel Data Analysis


The paper examines the impact of trade liberalization on sectoral export performance of Sub-Saharan Africa countries using export supply function between 1980 and 2006. The underlying base of the study is the theoretical justification that trade liberalization leads countries to specialize and export commodities of their comparative advantage. In the case of Sub-Saharan African countries, specializing in producing and exporting primary/agricultural commodities are assumed to be their area of comparative advantage commodities. A static panel data analysis based on fixed effect and random effect model was adopted. The main findings are that while trade liberalization in SSA countries has a significant positive impact on manufactured export performance, its impact on primary commodity export performance is not worth mentioning. Production capacity of countries in SSA is an important factor for the export performance of countries both at aggregate and disaggregate levels. The other explanatory variables (Real effective exchange rate, import of raw materials, and foreign imported technology) are more important in explaining the manufactured export performance

Corporate Author: 
Demirew Getachew; Getenet Alemu; Worku Gebeyehu (Editors) and Ethiopian Economic Association
Ethiopian Economic Association
Primary Descriptors: 

Manufacturing export

Secondary Descriptor: 


Geographic Descriptors: 
Sub-Saharan Africa
Broad Subject heading: 
Trade liberalization
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2013
Serial Key Title: 
Proceeding of the Tenth International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Publication date: 
2013-06-03 00:00:00
Conference Place: 
EEA Multi-Purpose Building Conference Hall, Addis Ababa
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Current frequency: 
Conference date: 
July 19 - 21, 2012