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Female Household Headship And Poverty Comparative Analysis: case Study Of Abreha We’atsebeha, Semharato, Fereweyni And Sendada Districts Of Tigray, Ethiopia


The study aims to examine the extent of poverty and vulnerability of female- headed households by way of making a comparison with their male counterparts in Kebeles of Abreha We’Atsebeha, Semharato, Fereweyni and Sendada in Tigray. It also tries to identify the determinants of poverty in both households. The paper used a single cross-sectional data of 2006/7 Household Income, Consumption and Expenditure Survey of Young Lives Project. For analysis it employed Foster, Greer and Thorbecke (FGT) index, Probit, OLS, and Chaudhuri et al. (2001) models. Employing the FGT index, the discriptive analysis of poverty indices revealed that using food poverty line and real food expenditure per adult, female headed households are found to be poorer than male headed households. To further investigate this, Probit and OLS models were used. According to the resull, the gender variable suggests that female headed households are found to be poorer as compared to their male. Other variables like education level, household size, employment status also have statistically significant impact on the risk of being poor. Moreover, most of female household heads are illitrate and engaged in the  informal sector. This impies that female headed households are poorer because they are more illitrate and unable to secure employment in the formal sector. Therefore, especially in developing countries,  there is evidence to suggest that poverty alleviation programs should use female headed households as a Proxy variable for targeting the poor. This kind of empirical analysis would provide a basis for evaluating the government's poverty reduction strategies and policies. This may also help identify other factors that have not been explicitly addressed in the current strategy. In forward-looking anti-poverty interventions, what matters is the vulnerability of a household to poverty. In this regard, vulnerability to poverty is analyzed and female headed households are found to be less vulnerable than male headed households.

Corporate Author: 
Getnet Alemu; Worku Gebeyehu ; Demirew Getachew (Editors) and Ethiopian Economic Association
Ethiopian Economic Association
Primary Descriptors: 

Women heads of households

Secondary Descriptor: 


Geographic Descriptors: 
Ethiopia - Tigray
Cataloge Date: 
Broad Subject heading: 
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2013
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory: 
Publication date: 
2013-06-03 00:00:00
Conference Place: 
EEA Multi-Purpose building conference hall, Addis Ababa
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa: Ethiopian
Type of material: 
Current frequency: 
Conference date: 
july 19 - 21, 2012