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Intra-household gender - bias in children's educational investment in Rural Ethiopia: Panel evidence


<p><em>Qualitative and quantitative evidence reveals pervasive gender discrimination in many social and economic aspects in least developing countries, including Ethiopia. Investment in child schooling is an important dimension of this discrimination, which has a lasting consequence on both the child and economic development as a whole. The main objective of this study is to uncover if there is any intrahousehold gender-bias in the decision to enrollment and allocation of resources to child education. Using a panel data set from Ethiopian Rural Household Survey (ERHS), spanning from 1994-2004, we applied a panel hurdle models consisting of random effects probit for the initial decision in enrollment and conditional linear autoregressive model. We found statistically significant gender-bias during the initial decision to enrollment against girls, especially those corresponding to secondary school cycle. Since the bias occurs inside the household, public investments should not only focus on facilitating access to school but also work towards altering the demand side as parents have differential preference towards children&#39;s education. Policies that increase returns to girl&#39;s education, gender targeted scholarships, increasing intrahousehold productivity, legislations that prohibit early marriage, and the like could mitigate the observed level of intra-household gender-bias against girls aged 15 years to 19 years.</em></p>

Corporate Author: 
Ethiopian Economic Association/Ethiopian Economic Policy Research Institute (EEA/EEPRI)
Ethiopian Economic Association/Ethiopian Economic Policy Research Institute (EEA/EEPRI)
Primary Descriptors: 

<p>Sex discrimination in education</p>

Secondary Descriptor: 

<p>Educational - children</p>

Geographic Descriptors: 
Cataloge Date: 
Broad Subject heading: 
Girls - Education
Call Number: 
WPN 2/2007
Serial Key Title: 
EEA/EEPRI working paper
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Publication date: 
2013-07-02 00:00:00
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-03-02 00:00:00
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: