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The Evolution of Pastoral Extension System in Ethiopia


The Paper Is A Synthesis Of National And Regional Policy Dialogues On The Future Of Agricultural/Pastoral Extension In Ethiopia. Workshops, Electronic Discussions And Document Review Are The Main Instruments For Obtaining The Key Issues Governing/Constraining The System.
Agricultural Extension Has A Long History In Ethiopia. Some Indicate That A Formal/Institutionalized Extension System Was Introduced With The Establishment Of The Ambo Agricultural College (Now Ambo University) In 1947. Others Attribute It To The Establishment Of The Ministry Of Agricultural Which Is Over 100 Years Old. Despite Its Age, The Extension System Remains Under Developed. The Important Features Of A Well-Developed Extension System Such As Institutional Pluralism, Demand Driven, And Extension Agents With Relevant Communication And Facilitation Skills Are Lacking.

Pastoral Extension Is A System For Disseminating Knowledge And Technology That Promotes Pastoralism In A Holistic Manner Addressing All Its Components - People/Institutions, Livestock And Natural Resources. Such An Extension System Is Lacking In Ethiopia. Successive Governments Have Implemented A Variety Of Development Projects With Very Little Emphasis On Extension Or Have Simply Transplanted The Crop Based Extension System To Pastoral Areas. The Paper Develops A Definition Of Pastoral Extension That Could Potentially Guide All Extension Interventions In Pastoral Areas And Puts Forward Recommendations To Operationalize It

Corporate Author: 
Getnet Alemu & Worku Gebeyehu (Editor) & Ethiopian Economic Association/Ethiopian Economic Policy Research Institute
Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
Primary Descriptors: 

Extension, Pastoralism

Secondary Descriptor: 

Institutional Pluralism, Demand Driven,

Geographic Descriptors: 
Cataloge Date: 
Broad Subject heading: 
Communication and Facilitation Skills
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2012
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Publication date: 
2013-06-27 23:12:00
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-02-27 15:43:20
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Current frequency: