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Domestic Water Demand In Ethiopia: The Case Of Mekelle City


Water is an essential nutrient for all known forms of life. But the actual situation shows that especially in most developing countries, the provision of water is at a low level. Perhaps recognizing the harmful consequences to health, economic productivity and overall quality of life of its inadequate supply, most institutions that have aim to address this problem seem to be concerned on the supply side while neglecting the demand side. Nonetheless, the latter has also significant policy implications in terms of demand management. This study tries to asses the main determinants of water demand based on the existing situation of the service and household characteristics to draw policy implications that would enable to narrow the existing gap between demand and supply.
The study used survey responses of 150 random sampled households from three local administrations of Mekelle city. Both descriptive and econometric analyses are used to analyze the data. Result shows that 100% of the survey respondents use piped water source. Income, type of occupation, education level and family size positively influence the demand for water whereas time loss to collect water from other sources, when their own water source is not available, affects consumption negatively. Findings imply the need to improve water supply service in light of the income growth and improvements in education level of citizens. It is also implied that policy on population might have an important role to narrow the gap between demand and supply of water

Corporate Author: 
Getnet Alemu & Worku Gebeyehu (Editor) & Ethiopian Economic Association/Ethiopian Economic Policy Research Institute
Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
Primary Descriptors: 

Water consumption

Secondary Descriptor: 

supply of water

Geographic Descriptors: 
Ethiopia - Mekelle
Cataloge Date: 
Broad Subject heading: 
demand management - water
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2011
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Publication date: 
2013-06-27 23:11:00
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-02-27 15:43:09
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Current frequency: