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Intergenerational Transfer Of Poverty/ Wealth In Ethiopia


The paper tries to examine how parents transfer poverty/ wealth to their children and how these were governed by the community norms. It aims at understanding how persistent poverty in Ethiopia could partly be interwoven in the social fabrics and
Calling for relatively effective contextualized interventions in reducing child poverty.

Data used to produce this paper were collected in three different levels of WeD
research: the Resource and Needs Survey (RANS), in-depth household and individual interviews, and, specific open-ended protocols designed to understand the
intergenerational poverty/wealth transmissions.

The research output indicated that transfer of wealth required following many alternatives
until the child really sets up an independent life. Poverty transmission was largely the
inability to invest on the future of the child by poor parents. But as it also involved parents'
preference of child work to education, some non-poor people failed to transfer their wealth to their children. Poor parents were more likely to engage their children in income generating activities to maintain the household, whereas non-poor parents needed their children to take on family work. Some poor parents, however, used different mechanisms
to invest on their children to become richer adults.

Socio-economic environment, localised norms of entitlement including gender, age
and birth order, besides other factors, strongly affected parental investment on education of children. Though parents and children have significant difference in their perception of parents' obligation towards developing children's future, cultural norms appeared to favour the parents and there was no legal sanction which enforces
children's expectations. Rural Human Resources and Relative Poverty:?

It emerged that, norms, not only govern transfers of wealth/poverty, but also they
themselves were simultaneously transmitted from parents to children. Strong family ties and interdependence between family members guaranteed the transmission of
values, attitudes and customs inherited from the older to the younger.

Corporate Author: 
Getnet Alemu and Getachew Yoseph (Editor) & Ethiopian Economic Association/Ethiopian Economic Policy Research Institute
Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
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Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2007
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
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Publication date: 
2013-05-27 00:00:00
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-02-27 00:00:00
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
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