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Institutions in Protected Areas (Pas) Management in Ethiopia: Evolution, Outcomes and Drivers of Institutional Changes

Abstract: 

Institutions as predictors' of human behaviors and actions play significant roles for sustainable utilization and development of protected area resources. Formal institutions in PAs management had been in place even in the 13th century to curb the unregulated extraction of resources. In the early 19th century, formal institutions begun replacing customary institutions to manage resources, and this was associated with the emergence of the notion of strong national state and territorial expansion. In response to internal and external factors/drivers, formal institutions in protected areas management evolved towards more formal and comprehensive involving different actors. By applying tools of the new institutional economics, the paper argues that institutions in PA management in Ethiopia failed to meet desired objectives, and efforts on PA management have been with limited success, and degradation of resources has continued even further. Several species of higher wild animals are extinct while several are endangered; their habitats and scenery are destructed, whereas the country is left with 2-5% of forest cover. The system has created fertile ground for pronounced illicit extraction and illegal trade of wildlife and natural resources. With the increasing human and livestock population, natural hazards and conflicts, protected areas management continued to be in crisis. The recent failure of the private- government- community partnership initiative to manage PAs could also be cited as an example in this regard. The continued non-cooperative behaviors and actions of actors must be questioned. The institutional innovations in PAs management must take account of different actors' interests which often are contradictory in space and overtime. Within the sustainable development framework, incentive based policies and institutions that ensure local peoples' access rights to use and management of resources are vital

Corporate Author: 
Getnet Alemu (Editor) & Ethiopian Economic Association/Ethiopian Economic Policy Research Institute
Publisher: 
Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
ISBN/ISSN: 
978-99944-54-09-9
Primary Descriptors: 

PAS

Secondary Descriptor: 

Resource Management

Geographic Descriptors: 
Ethiopia
Cataloge Date: 
02/27/2013
Broad Subject heading: 
PAs management - Institutes
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2009
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Volume: 
II
Publication date: 
2013-05-27 23:09:00
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-02-27 15:02:20
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Book
Current frequency: 
Annualy