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Determinants of Economic Migration from Pastoral Areas: The Case Of Somali Region Of Ethiopia

Abstract: 

Even though Ethiopia is largely under-urbanized even by African standards, rural urban migration has fueled the burden on the already stagnant urban infrastructure existing in most urban areas in the country. This study analyzed the determinants of economic migration in the Somali Regional State of Ethiopia based on data collected from 178 migrant households were using descriptive statistics and logit econometric model. Among the migration forces considered, employment opportunities in place of origin and destination were the dominant factors causing economic migration accounting for about 40% of the cases. These are followed by better living conditions and educational facilities in place of destination which together accounted for 32% of the cases. Of the variables considered in the logit model; sex of the household head, household size, dependency ratio, relationship with communities in the place of origin, livestock composition, information and clan clashes were found to be important factors influencing economic migration decisions. The consideration of these factors would help policy makers in designing measures that would help reduce unnecessary rural out-migration

Corporate Author: 
Getnet Alemu (Editor) & Ethiopian Economic Association/Ethiopian Economic Policy Research Institute
Publisher: 
Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
ISBN/ISSN: 
978-99944-54-09-9
Primary Descriptors: 

logit model

Secondary Descriptor: 

Migration; Pastoralist

Geographic Descriptors: 
Ethiopia, Somali Region
Cataloge Date: 
02/27/2013
Broad Subject heading: 
economic migration
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2009
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Volume: 
II
Publication date: 
2013-05-27 23:09:00
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-02-27 15:02:20
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Book
Current frequency: 
Annualy