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Economic Analysis of Farmers' Preferences for Crop Variety Traits Using a Choice Experiment Approach: Lessons for On-Farm Conservation and Technology Adoption in Ethiopia

Abstract: 

Ethiopia has immense wealth of crop genetic resources, which is part of its rich biological diversity. The country's genetic resources are, however, subject to serious erosion and irreversible losses due to policy, institutional, and market failures. This study aims to contribute to a better understanding of the challenges with bearings on the sustainable management of crop genetic diversity through analyzing farmers' crop variety attribute preferences and through identifying the key socio-economic factors that condition their attribute preferences. The study applies the choice experiment (CE) method to elicit preferences and estimate the relative importance of the attributes in defining the perceived utility to be derived from four traits of sorghum and teff varieties (the two major crops in the country). The attributes include selling price, productivity, environmental adaptability (resistance to drought and frost occurrences), and yield stability of the variety despite occurrences of disease and pest problems. The analysis of farmers' preferences is based on primary data collected from 131 teff and sorghum growing farmers in the Northeastern part of Ethiopia. The findings revealed that farm households attach the highest private value to environmental adaptability trait of both sorghum and teff crops; followed by yield stability and productivity attributes of the same crops. It was also found that differences between farm households, in terms of household characteristics, their endowments and constraints, and the level of development integration (in the areas of basic infrastructure and agricultural extension) affect farmers' private valuation of crop variety attributes. Based on the empirical results, a number of policy implications have been drawn in the areas of on-farm conservation and improved variety adoption in Ethiopia

Corporate Author: 
Getnet Alemu (Editor) & Ethiopian Economic Association/Ethiopian Economic Policy Research Institute
Publisher: 
Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
ISBN/ISSN: 
978-99944-54-09-9
Primary Descriptors: 

Sustainable management - Crop Genetic diversity

Secondary Descriptor: 

Crop variety adoption - Teff , Sorghum

Geographic Descriptors: 
Ethiopia
Cataloge Date: 
02/27/2013
Broad Subject heading: 
Agricultural technology
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2009
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Volume: 
II
Publication date: 
2013-05-27 23:09:00
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-02-27 15:02:19
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Book
Current frequency: 
Annualy