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Market Access and Marketing of Tef: the case of West Shewa zone


Tef (Eragrostis tef) is indigenous to Ethiopia in its origin. Tef grows as major crops in 17 sub agro ecologies of the 49 sub agro ecological zones in the country. Unique character of tef in production and marketing required to study productivity of Tef versus its relation with marketing system. This study is conducted in two weredas of west Shewa zone; namely, Dendi and Adaberga. The study areas selected looking into its representation of the tef growing areas. This study was conducted at farmers and market participant level. Direct observation, key informant interview, semi-structured interview and questionnaires were used to collect qualitative and quantitative information. Tef is the major crop in both study areas. Farmers in Dendi and Adaberga allocated 42 and 29 percents of their land holdings to tef production. Among others, use of appropriate technologies like fertilizer, improved seed, weeding and/ or herbicide application with the recommended rate and time helps to increase productivity. Tef seed provision is very limited in the study areas. Yet, the use of improved seed highly recorded in Dendi than Adaberga which is relatively near to the main road from Addis Ababa to Ambo. This is probably due to the limited technologies in the research area and, in fact, lack of institute that takes the responsibility to multiply released tef varieties to the level of its demand. Fertilizer used by about 94 and 60 percents of farmers in Dendi and Adaberga, respectively. While about 89 and 64 percent of farmers in Dendi and Ada berga reported that used herbicide in the past at least once. The study confirmed that use of improved agricultural technologies and, in turn, productivity has an inverse relation with distance of markets. In the study area there are two types of markets, major markets and village markets. Village markets located outside main roads and in most of the time supply marketable surplus to major markets having an outlet to Addis Ababa. In both weredas there are a total of 22 markets, nine in Dendi and the rest in Adaberga. A single market on average serves for 22,990 and 7750 populations of the agricultural households in Dendi and Adaberga, respectively. These markets are evenly distributed in the study areas. The study weredas are among the surplus tef producing areas. Taking market surplus calculated for tef, 35 percent, the market surplus obtained from Dendi estimated to be 47, 309.34 quintal while for Adaberga it is 33,748.59 quintal.

Corporate Author: 
Alemayehu Seyoum ... [et al.] (editor)
Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
Primary Descriptors: 


Geographic Descriptors: 
Ethiopia, West Shewa
Cataloge Date: 
Broad Subject heading: 
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2005
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the Second International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Publication date: 
2013-05-27 23:05:00
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-02-27 14:55:45
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
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